EGYPT: NATURE, WILDLIFE
CONSERVATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

BIRDS have migrated

They've moved to a separate 'Birds of Egypt' page

Considering that the vast majority of Egypt is desert, the wealth of wildlife to be found here is nothing short of amazing.

  • Egypt's Desert-adapted wildlife comes in all sizes, from the fennec fox to tiny scorpions.
  • The Red Sea attracts divers who admire its colourful and beautiful diversity of fish and other sealife.
  • Egypt's Wetlands and the Nile River are fantastic habitats, and play an absolutley crucial link in worldwide bird migration, as well as being home to many interesting reptiles and other creatures.

Animals featured strongly in the everyday lives and religion of the people of ancient Egypt and they are often depicted in their art and hieroglyphic forms. Many Ancient Egyptian gods were given animal or animal-headed form. Some animals such as such as cats, ibises, bulls and even crocodiles were considered sacred animals, and were nurtured in the temple enclosures.

Ancient Egypt had plenty of dangerous creatures such as crocodiles, snakes and scorpions, and some of these are still found today, although crocodiles are only found south of the Aswan Dam.

Domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, goats and poultry have been kept since ancient Egyptian times both for agriculture and transport. The sight of oxen, horses and donkeys being used for transport even in the cities like Luxor is one of the mosts appealing features of Egypt today.

Ancient Egyptians also admired the beauty or character of some animals and would keep them as pets - not only cats and dogs, but also (if they were wealthy enough) monkeys and gazelles. They also kept 'exotic animals' such as giraffes.

CONSERVATION IN EGYPT

Egypt's Wilderness And the Quest for Conservation EGYPT'S WILDERNESS: AND THE QUEST FOR CONSERVATION

The American University in Cairo Press has produced a lavishly illustrated book of photographs and paintings revealing Egypt's spectacular wilderness areas together with the cultures of the diverse groups of indigenous people scattered throughout the land. "Egypt's Wilderness" covers Egypt's 24 protected areas and shows the unrelenting efforts of the Egyptian government to conserve their natural and cultural heritage.

EGYPT: ANIMALS

A FIELD GUIDE TO THE MAMMALS OF EGYPT

A practical and comprehensive field guide of every mammal species recorded in modern Egypt. Descriptions and identification features, status, habitat and habits of each mammal species, and their differentiating features.

A GUIDE TO THE REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS OF EGYPT by Sherif Baha El Din (The American University in Cairo Press, 2006)

Reptiles and amphibians are Egypt's great survivors. They flourish in almost every habitat - homes, fields and desert and shore. Here is systematic, concise information (albeit in hardback format), to aid identification and study of 110 species, including tortoises and turtles, lizards, snakes, and crocodiles, with maps and colour illustrations. Conservation is also addressed. more about Egypt's reptiles and amphibians

NATURAL SELECTIONS: A YEAR OF EGYPT'S WILDLIFE by Richard Hoath (1993)

Illustrated with pencil-drawings of Egypt's wildlife, Richard Hoath (a leading naturalist in Egypt) has produced an interestingly anecdotal and informative book based on his field observations.

or search for EGYPTIAN ANIMALS

EGYPTIAN WILDLIFE

EGYPT: ENVIRONMENT AND HISTORY

New: 30 April 2011 NATURE AND EMPIRE IN OTTOMAN EGYPT: AN ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (Studies in Environment and History) by Alan Mikhail (Cambridge University Press, 30 Apr 2011)

Mikhail shows how, by manipulating natural resources, Egyptian peasants were able to change the politics of Egypt...

Available for pre-order (378 pages)

A CONTRIBUTION TO THE HERPETOLOGY OF ARABIA. WITH A PRELIMINARY LIST OF THE REPTILES AND BATRACHIANS OF EGYPT (Studies in Environment and History) by John Anderson

A new edition of a very old book - the repoduction may be very difficult to read, as the lack of post-production (not even artefacts introduced by the scanning process have been tidied up) is 'excused' by virtue of the books 'cultural significance'. Buyer beware.

ANIMALS IN EGYPT'S HISTORY

THE CAT IN ANCIENT EGYPT by Jaromir Malek (British Museum Press, paperback, 2nd rev. ed.)

CAIRO CATS CAIRO CATS: EGYPT'S ENDURING LEGACY

THE BRITISH MUSEUM POCKET DICTIONARY OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ANIMALS (British Museum Pocket Dictionaries) by Angela McDonald

THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF ANIMAL BONES by Terry O'Connor (The History Press Ltd, paperback)

BELOVED BEASTS: ANIMAL MUMMIES FROM ANCIENT EGYPT by Zahi A. Hawass, Salima Ikram and Mamdouh Eldamaty (American University in Cairo Press)

EGYPT: Fish / Water / Marine Life

Waterproof Guide to Reef Fish of the Red Sea

Fish of the Nile

ZOOLOGY OF EGYPT: FISHES OF THE NILE
NILE PERCH: THE ULTIMATE GUIDE FOR ANGLERS by Barrie Rickards and Tim Baily

FISH IN EGYPTOLOGY

FISH AND FISHING IN ANCIENT EGYPT (Egyptology)

FISH / MARINE LIFE OF THE RED SEA

SEASHELLS OF THE EGYPTIAN RED SEA: The Illustrated Handbook by Mary Lyn Rusmore-Villaume

REEF FISHES OF THE RED SEA: A GUIDE TO IDENTIFICATION by Richard Field and Mary Field (Kegan Paul)

CORAL REEF GUIDE RED SEA (Coral Reef) by Robert Myers and Ewald Lieske (Collins)

Authoritative 384 page guide, gorgeously illustrated.

SCUBA DIVING (Eyewitness Companions) by Monty Halls and Miranda-Krestovnikoff (Dorling Kindersley)

Includes detailed information about diving wrecks in the Red Sea.
Both authors are TV presenters as well as divers, and Miranda-Krestovnikoff is a zoologist

Fish Identificaton Guides

Waterproof Fish Species Guide to Reef Fish of the Red Sea Reef Fishes and Corals of the Red Sea Coral Reef Guide Red Sea (Coral Reef) ***** by Robert Myers and Ewald Lieske Reef Fishes and Corals of the Red Sea by Peter Harrison and Alex Misiewicz (2000 and other editions) Reef Fishes of the Red Sea: A Guide to Identification by Richard Field and Mary Field (1998 and others) Red Sea Reef Guide by Helmut Debelius

FISH OF THE NILE at Amazon



FISH OF EGYPT'S RED SEA at Amazon



EGYPT: Diving Guides

Dive Red SeaDIVE RED SEA: THE ULTIMATE GUIDE (2007)
by Simon Rogerson and John McIntyre

RED SEA - LONELY PLANET DIVING & SNORKELING GUIDE

Diving the WorldDIVING THE WORLD (Footprint Activity Guide)
by Beth Tierney and Shaun Tierney (2006)

Egyptian Red Sea: A Diver's Guide Dive Red Sea: The Ultimate Guide The Red Sea Diving Logbook, by Tamara Double THE DIVER'S GUIDE TO RED SEA REEF FISHES

RED SEA WRECKS - NORTHERN EGYPT: Site-by-site Dive Guide and Logbook Combined (Ring-bound - Sep 2007)

RED SEA SHARKS (In Depth Diver's Guides)
Useful info about sharks and their interactions with divers in the Red Sea - such as which part of the Red Sea coral reefs should you visit for the best chance of seeing a shark - and how likely are you to see one.
(This link also lists "The Red Sea Sharks" -The Adventures of Tintin, by Herge - it's a different perspective!)

NEW - 30 April 2010 Shipwrecks From The Egyptian Red Sea SHIPWRECKS FROM THE EGYPTIAN RED SEA
by Ned Middleton (Immel Publishing, pb, 2006 / Ashgrove Publishing (30 April 2010))

The definitive guide to dive-able wrecks of the Red Sea - not only for divers! The 2010 newly revised edition explores nineteen of the most important and diveable shipwrecks. An illustrated chapter on each of 19 wrecks, 18 minor wrecks and a list of more than 250 sunken ships in the area. For each ship there are details of the history, spec and the highly readable story of the wreck recounted by Ned Middleton. Any one who enjoys tale of adventure or sea stories will be engrossed, not only divers.

Quality writing. Lavishly illustrated with 23 paintings by marine-artist Rico Oldfield, 34 historic photographs and 125 original colour photographs - plus 3 charts.

The first edition was the Underwater Publication of the Year in 2007. Shipwrecks From The Egyptian Red Sea is recommended by Diver magazine, as well as many reviewers on Amazon.

more LONELY PLANET DIVING & SNORKELING GUIDES at Amazon

GENERAL DIVING at Amazon


EGYPT: Plant Life


NEW!

Desert Plants Of Egypt's Wadi El Gemal National Park DESERT PLANTS OF EGYPT'S WADI EL GEMAL NATIONAL PARK

by Tamer Mahmoud (The American University in Cairo Press, paperback, 15 April 2010)

A detailed and colorful photographic guide to the surprisingly diverse and colourful vegetation of the Wadi El Gemal National Park in Egypt's Eastern Desert - with a special section of information for visitors.

This new guide has been compiled by a park ranger who began interviewing the local community about how they use the plants for food, healing, animal fodder, and fuel after he realised that, although the desert dwellers still have a close relationship with the plant life in their habitat, their world is changing fast.

Tamer Mahmoud's survey, identifying and documenting the indigenous plants is comprehensive, providing the location, distribution, uses and ecology of each plant. Scientific (Latin) plant names are given, together with the plant's common names in both Arabic and English, a glossary, bibliography and distribution maps.

EGYPT: Desert Gardening

Desert GardenTHE DESERT GARDEN: A Practical Guide

Irina Springuel is an ecologist who has gardened in Egypt for decades. She demonstrates how to garden in Egypt using indigenous species - including where to source plants and how to water them most effectively. She explains how the ancient Egyptians used each plant as medicine - and how they are used today. It's all backed up with enough ecological and historical information to make this both an interesting read and a practical guide for creating private gardens or

The Garden in Ancient EgyptTHE GARDEN IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Archaeologists have learned a lot about ancient Egyptian gardens from tomb paintings, ancient writings and archaeological investigating excavated pollen, seeds and roots, and about which plants were cultivated in gardens, groves and orchards and what growing wild in the fields, lakes and canals.

Penelope Hobhouse's Gardening Through the Ages: An Illustrated History of Plants and Their Influence on Garden Styles-From Ancient Egypt to the Present An Ancient Egyptian Herbal The Garden: an Illustrated History from Ancient Egypt to the Present Day, by Julia S. Berrall Gardens of the Hesperides: A book on old and new plants for Egypt and similar climes, by Warda H Bircher A Key to Egyptian Grasses (1991)

see more about GARDENS IN EGYPT at Amazon

see more about WORLD GARDENS at Amazon



EGYPT: Plant Life

The Vegetation Of EgyptTHE VEGETATION OF EGYPT , by Mohammed Kassas et al (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992)
Vegetation of Egypt is a major reference source in studies of vegetation of arid and mediterranean-type regions for students and professionals in plant science, ecology, biogeography, climatology and economic botany.

A MANUAL OF EGYPTIAN FARM CROPS AND VEGETABLES by G. Bonaparte (2007) PLANTS CULTIVATED IN EGYPT, Bulletin of Alexandria Horticultural Society FABA BEAN IN THE NILE VALLEY: Report on the First Phase of the Icarda / Ifad Nile Valley Project 1979-82 (1983) POLITICAL VEGETABLES? Businessman and Bureaucrat in the Development of Egyptian Agriculture by Yahya M. Sadowski THE 2007 IMPORT AND EXPORT MARKET for Dried, Dehydrated and, Evaporated Vegetables in Egypt by Philip M. Parker

EGYPTOLOGY: Plant Life

The Production and Use of Vegetable Oils in Ptolemaic Egypt (Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists, Supplements, No 6) CODEX OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PLANT REMAINS / Codex Des Restes Vegetaux De L'Egypte Ancienne (Temos) by Christian De Vartavan and Victoria Asensi Amoros (Paperback - Dec 1997) THE DOMESTICATION OF PLANTS IN THE OLD WORLD: The Origin and Spread of Cultivated Plants in West Asia, Europe and the Nile Valley (pub. 2000)

PLANT LIFE OF EGYPT at Amazon


EGYPT: Geology

The Geology Of Egypt: A Traveler'S Guide THE GEOLOGY OF EGYPT: A TRAVELER'S GUIDE (How the Land Made Egypt What It Is)

LANDSCAPE OF EGYPT

GEOLOGY OF EGYPT at Amazon

More about Conservation in Egypt

Egypt's Wilderness And the Quest for Conservation EGYPT'S WILDERNESS: AND THE QUEST FOR CONSERVATION

The American University in Cairo Press has produced a lavishly illustrated book of photographs and paintings revealing Egypt's spectacular wilderness areas together with the cultures of the diverse groups of indigenous people scattered throughout the land. "Egypt's Wilderness" covers Egypt's twenty four protected areas and shows the unrelenting efforts of the Egyptian government to conserve their natural and cultural heritage.

EGYPT ECOLOGY & NATURE PROTECTION LAWS AND REGULATION HANDBOOK (World Law Business Library) by USA International Business Publications EGYPT ECOLOGY & NATURE PROTECTION HANDBOOK, by Ibp Usa BEDOUINS BY THE LAKE: ENVIRONMENT, CHANGE, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN SOUTHERN EGYPT, by Ahmed Belal, John Briggs, Joanne Sharp, and Irina Springuel

CONSERVATION IN EGYPT at Amazon

GENERAL CONSERVATION at Amazon

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