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Citizen Journalists who are reporting dangerous frontline stories without any previous journalism experience or training should use the online Video or PDF Lessons, available in English and Arabic at video.skeyesmedia.org
Citizen Journalism is increasing, despite the fact that all journalists in Egypt are currently at risk, and Citizen Journalists are at risk of having their eves shot at by 'eve-snipers'. Citizen journalism can include photo journalism, blogging, tweeting, video and the use of other social media. By January 2012, Mosireen, one of several an Egyptian media collectives of filmmakers and citizen journalists, had become the most viewed non-profit YouTube channel of all. CitJo and Egypt Journalism Project (EJP) are other examples.
One problem with Citizen Journalism is the difficuly of recognize who to trust.
Professor Naomi Sakr considers emerging visions of journalism in Egypt; with important questions about the kinds of journalism will be viable in Egypt's changing political dynamic.
Does the groundswell of activism from bloggers,online radio and social media news operations pose an explicit challenge to journalists in state-run and commercial media companies who are carefully controlled by government?
Sakr charts recent transformations in Egyptian journalism, considering ways to 'converge media' without destroying Egypt's professional journalists. She also considers what it might take to secure a safe and open journalistic environment in Egypt. A detailed and authoritative book from the prize winning author of "Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization And The Middle East", which won the Middle Eastern Studies Book Prize In 2003.
Also from Reuters Challenges:
During the turbulent changes of the 1920s to 1960s, artists in Egypt began to oppose the entrenched and co-opted conservatism of elite and state culture. Radical forms of cultural criticism and dissonance emerged, along with key art movements such as the Egyptian Surrealists and the Contemporary Art Group. Kane looks at how such movements, and artists and critics like Abd al-Hadi al-Gazzar and Gamal al-Sagini, helped to shape the Egyptian cultural and aesthetic experience.
The photographs of Mosa'ab Elshamy, 23-year-old, reporting Egypt's revolution, have appeared on the front pages of The New York Times, the Guardian, the Financial Times and the Daily Telegraph, and inside TIME magazine. Elshamy was born in Yemen, and his family around different African countries. He grew up mainly in Nigeria, but moved back to Egypt for college, in 2005. His career in photojournalism began during the 2011 revolution, despite the hindrance of being injured and getting his camera broken during the violence.
On August 14, as El-Shamy was documenting shocking mass killings in Egypt, his brother Abdullah El-Shamy, an Al Jazeera reporter, was being arrested while reporting from Rabaa Al-Adawawiya Square in Cairo, to be detained without trial for over a month.
Al Jazeera news network's Mubasher Misr operation in Egypt was closed down by the Egyptian Authorities following the Revolution. The day after they began broadcasting to Egypt from their main base in Qatar, the Egyptian authorities began jamming Al Jazeera's satellite signals, and they had to change frequencies. Some of their journalists are still being detained.
Newspapers in Egypt are banned from reporting on many issuees.
The two most popular independent daily newspapers are Al Masry Al Youm and Al Dustoor. Thousands of copies of both were destroyed in 2010, for reporting on the posters which have appeared in poor neighbourhoods of Cairo, promoting Gen Omar Suleiman (Egypt's intelligence chief) as a possible future president, in the run-up to the elections for a successor to President Hosni Mubarak.
Newspapers in Egypt have been banned from reporting on the posters, according to the BBC, whose Middle East Analyst reports:
The authorities' decision to gag the newspapers seems to derive from a fear that news of a campaign in favour of the general could refuel speculation that there is a power struggle within various wings of the ruling elite.
EGYPTIAN NEWSPAPERS at amazon
(newspaper list courtesy of wikipedia)